Raphael has over 20 years of pharmaceutical industry experience. He has a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel, a post-doctorate at the US Air Force Research Lab in Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, and another post-doctorate at Duke University Medical Center, North Carolina. In 2003 Raphael joined the Medicinal Chemistry department at Teva Pharmaceuticals.
In 2010 he established the Chemical & Computational Toxicology group in Teva, and now he is Senior Director Impurity Expert in R&D Operations. Raphael’s main topics of expertise are impurity and excipient qualification in drug substances and drug products. Over the past few years he has specialized in risk assessment of nitrosamine impurities in pharmaceuticals.